Angaben aus der Verlagsmeldung

Elliptic Systems of Phase Transition Type / von Nicholas D. Alikakos, Giorgio Fusco, Panayiotis Smyrnelis



This book focuses on the vector Allen-Cahn equation, which models coexistence of three or more phases and is related to Plateau complexes – non-orientable objects with a stratified structure. The minimal solutions of the vector equation exhibit an analogous structure not present in the scalar Allen-Cahn equation, which models coexistence of two phases and is related to minimal surfaces. The 1979 De Giorgi conjecture for the scalar problem was settled in a series of papers: Ghoussoub and Gui (2d), Ambrosio and Cabré (3d), Savin (up to 8d), and del Pino, Kowalczyk and Wei (counterexample for 9d and above). The book extends in various ways the Caffarelli-Córdoba density estimates that played a major role in Savin's proof. 


Key features and topics of this self-contained, systematic exposition include:


• Resolution of the structure of minimal solutions in the equivariant class, (a) for general point groups, and (b) for general discrete reflection groups, thus establishing the existence of previously unknown lattice solutions.


• Preliminary material beginning with the stress-energy tensor, via which monotonicity formulas, and Hamiltonian and Pohozaev identities are developed.


• Tools that allow the derivation of general properties of minimizers, without any assumptions of symmetry, like a maximum principle, or density and pointwise estimates.


• Application of the general tools to equivariant solutions rendering exponential estimates, rigidity theorems and stratification results.



The work is addressed to readers, form the graduate level on, with an interest in any of the following: differential equations – ordinary or partial; nonlinear analysis; the calculus of variations; the relationship of minimal surfaces to diffuse interface; or the applied mathematics of material science.