The contributors to this volume address three central approaches in biblical interpretation: historical settings, intertextuality, and biblical theology. The first section traces and reassesses the multifaceted aspects relevant to the historical settings of the ancient texts, writers, and worlds. The second section describes the comparative analysis of biblical literature, with inner-biblical or non-biblical texts, not only to improve textual meanings but also to deepen the relationship between biblical texts and their contexts. The final section highlights theological approaches to the Hebrew Bible, addressing the themes of Jewish theology, justice, theophany, loss, and trauma, while confronting significant ethical and theological challenges.