There are vast amounts of research and publications on Marcus Tullius Cicero (106–43 v. Chr.) as an author in antiquity, a statesman, rhetor and philosopher. This is not however the case as far as his impact is concerned, especially in the early modern period. His writings in this time had an immense presence, which has previously not received much attention in research. The articles in this volume, the result of a symposium held by the ‹European Melanchthon Academy‹ in Bretten, document and analyze the traces and the impact of Cicero‹s writings in this era. Thus this book conducts fundamental research in an area which up to now had been largely unexplored. Using specific examples, the articles show the reception of Cicero in the early modern period from the perspective of historiography, literature, literary criticism and rhetoric and deal particularly with the forms of impact and appropriation which his works took as well as their theological implications.